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MIGRATION , DISPLACEMENT, RESETTLEMENT AND IDENTITY VISION

22 October 2011

Human migration is movement (physical or psychological) by humans from one district to another, sometimes over long distances or in large groups. The movement of populations in modern times has continued under the form of both voluntary migration within one's region, country, or beyond, and involuntary migration (which includes the slave trade, trafficking in human beings and ethnic cleansing). People who migrate are called migrants, or, more specifically, emigrants, immigrants, or settlers, depending on historical setting, circumstances and perspective. The pressures of human migrations, whether as outright conquest or by slow cultural infiltration and resettlement, have affected the grand epochs in history (e.g. the Decline of the Roman Empire); under the form of colonization, migration has transformed the world (e.g. the prehistoric and historic settlements of Australia and the Americas).   Different types of migration include: •Daily human commuting. •Seasonal human migration is mainly related to agriculture. •Permanent migration, for the purposes of permanent or long-term stays. •Local •Regional •Rural to Urban, more common in developing countries as industrialization takes effect (urbanization) •Urban to Rural, more common in developed countries due to a higher cost of urban living (suburbanization) •International migration  Causes of migrations 

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