Your Complete Study Guide For Broadcast Journalism!

  • Your Complete Study Guide For Broadcast Journalism!

     

    What is broadcast journalism and how do I study it?

     

    Who was the first man to step on the moon?

    Neil Armstrong

    Wrong!

    It was Deepak Chaurasia reporting Neil Armstrong live for Aaj tak! :P

    That was one of the bizarre PJ’s all of us have come across and although it is well a PJ, the fact remains that it describes the broadcast media to the point. They are present at places and events of importance to bring back to you stories from across different corners of the world which you can enjoy sitting in the comfort of your own home.

     

    That is exactly what broadcast media is all about, it is a subject that covers the different forms of broadcast media namely radio and television. This subject helps you learn and understand the importance of broadcast media as compared to the traditional form of print media and helps you learn how to become a presenter with these mediums of journalism.

    As students of journalism and media studies you are well aware of what news stories are all about, but getting them across by means of the broadcast media is another issue all together. It’s all about making it reach the audience in a way that they are receptive towards it and this subject aims to teach that to you. 

    What is the Syllabus for this Subject?

    1. History of the development of radio journalism

    2. The potential of radio as a broadcast medium

    3. Radio news formats

    4. Writing news for radio

    5. Skills of speaking over the radio

    6. Principles of sound and production techniques

    7. History of the development of TV Journalism

    8.  TV journalism – local, regional, national and international

    9. TV news in the regional languages

    10. TV journalism formats; evolution and popularity of new forms on TV

    11.  Scripting news for TV

    12. Principles of video camera use

    13. Skills of anchoring or presenting

    14. Videotape editing

    15. Examining Broadcast journalism and allegations of ‘dumbing down’ of news

    16. Understanding the power of the image

    What is the Best method to study this subject?

     

    If you plan to study a subject like broadcast media by means of a textbook then you might as well consider otherwise, because subjects like these are meant to be explored. Print media is eventually dying and the broadcast media is talking over which is why it is essential that you have strong basics in this subject, you career will inevitably depend on it.

    Make it a point to listen to the radio, any programme where you get a chance to listen to how the RJ captivates his audience by simply his voice and no other means of communication. Listen to them talk on various issues and compare them with each other, so that you can pick up tips on how best you can deal with an audience simply by using your voice as a means of communication.

    The radio as of today will be your most powerful medium to reach out the nation at large because there are many parts of transforming India who yet can’t afford a television nor do they have the necessary infrastructure for an internet connection but they do have a radio. This medium has the widest mass appeal and hence you need not have any mind blocks regarding t being inferior to the television or internet in any way.

    The television comes up next and while you ponder upon the styles of ‘Arnab Goswami’ and ‘Barkha Dutt’ back home, you must also start looking at the subtle nuances of the set, the quality of language the body language of presenters and the style of the reporters. Recently social media was abuzz of with the case of a Doordorshan television journalist who had made a mockery of herself on TV by her lack of experience and ignorance. Make sure you are not faced with a similar fate and hence if you do plan to go big in this field keep observing and noticing the various news channels to understand how you can take on tips from them.

    Catching television journalists from prominent news agencies abroad like the BBC or the CNN will also help you learn and compare the firangi method of working with our desi methods back home and will help you grow by adapting to the best observations from both.

    If you wish to be a part of the media and journalism you must also cultivate the habit to be looped into current affairs and general knowledge because you don’t want to make a fool of yourself owing to plain ignorance on screen.

    How to crack the Exams:

    1. Be observant and highlight a lot of examples in your paper

    2. Be well versed with the concepts highlighted in the textbook.

    3. Make sure your answers are well formatted and in a logical sequence, a badly framed answer will take you nowhere.

    What exactly is Dumbing down of the news?

    In simple words, dumbing down of the news is when you take news and customize it in a way that it gets a viral/ sensational value to it. It basically is targeted at creating a buzz in the society by means of taking away the actual news value of it and replacing it with fluff to give it a higher interest value among the viewers or readers.

    Popular examples of this can be tabloid newspapers who focus on giving you a mini shocker with every news headline that you come across, they do not share in facts as they are they create an image of awe and stir up strong emotions to keep the reader gripped, while missing out on the actual value content in the bargain.

    We are particularly aware of such news items in the Indian media which aim to create ‘sansani khes khabar’, by means of words and gestures like ‘Chain se sona hai toh jag jaiye’ or ‘yah hai wo darinda jo karta hai aapki beti ka peecha’ I know they sound corny as examples but we all have come across forms of this kind of reporting many times on the television.

    Basically it takes away the knowledge component and replaces it with emotion stirring content that will literally dumb down the level of the viewers understanding and knowledge!

    Study hard, try and learn from observation as much as you can and All the best! :)

     

     

    BY AMI PANDYA

     

     


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